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Programming Languages( Types, Pros and Cons)-Codeauri

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What are the types or levels of Programming Languages?

The types or levels of programming languages are divided into two types:

  • 1. High-Level Language
  • 2. Low-Level Language
    • Machine Language
    • Assembly Language
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Types Of Programming Languages:

1.Machine-level Language :1st Generation Programming Language

Machine Language is a sequence of instructions written in terms of binary numbers :0’s and 1’s.

Machine language is a such language that a computer can actually understand.

Key Takeaways: “The Main Benefit of Machine level language is that, they can execute much more quicker and faster than that of High level Language

Pros of Machine Level Language:

  • Central Processing Unit can directly understand machine instructions
  • Machine-level language does not require translation into other different form as compared to High Level Languages
  • Machine Level language executes the code faster written in machine level language which results actual in less implementation time.

Con’s of Machine Level Language:

  • In Machine level language , its relatively Hard to modify,change and to debug the program
  • Machine level language is usually machine dependent becuase, if the code is written in one of the processor then, the chances is ,it may note be compatible for other processor.
  • It is Difficult to use because of the fact that, it is writtened in binary forms which is quite hard to understand and debug the errors.

2. Assembly Language: 2nd Generation Programming Language

Assembly language is considered as the second generation of programing language

which are translated into machine code by a program called an assembler.

Key Takeaways: “Assembly language is closer to the plain English words but computer can not understand the program directly”

Pros of Assembly Level Language:

  • Assembly level language helps in the improvement of readability to users
  • When the code is written in Assembly level language , then it becomes much more convenient as compared to that of machine level language
  • The fewer codes can be easily generated than that of high level languages if device programming including an embedded systems are used using assembly language

Cons of Assembly Level Language:

  • Well, Assembly level language is less efficient as compared to machine level language because of the fact that before implementing an assembly language , it has to be translated in machine level language
  • Machine dependent issues is introduced in assembly level language because, an assembly level language is specific to particular machine architecture
  • Mnemonics are quite complex to remember in Assembly level language because there are large numbers of mnemonics for a machine

3.High Level Language: 3rd Generation Programming Language( 3GL)

High level language is called as 3rd Generation of Programming language

which is the iteration and refinement of second generation language.

Key Takeaways:”Third Generation Programming Language is an easier, efficient programming language which includes the languages like C, C++, FORTRAN, BASIC ,Java”

4.Very High Level Language: 4th Generation Programming Language(4GL)

Very High Level Language is considered as the Fourth Generation of Programming Language denoted by 4GL which is much more effecient than 3GL.

Key Takeaways:”Fourth Generation Programming language is easily portable and can be expandable and includes non-procedural programming language.4Gl includes Query Language”

5.5th Generation Language( 5GL)

Fifth Generation language is an easy debugging high level programming language

which is based on AI(Artifical Intelligence) and are designed to solve a given problem without programmer.

Key Takeaways:”Fifth Generation Programming language is high level language which is classified as an object oriented programing and procedure oriented (Function-Oriented) Programming”

Pros of Fifth Generation Programming Language:

  • Fifth generation programming language makes quicker in development and creation of softwares becasue of the fact that , it is closer to an english language
  • It is highly portable programming language which can run on different machines and applicable to exchange the softwares
  • Fifth generation programming language is easy to debug so, the errors can be removed easily.

Cons of Fifth Generation Programming Language:

  • Machine level language need it’s own translator to change the high level language program into machine language.
  • Higher Execution time is needed for Fifth Generation Language because high level language has to be translated into machine level language which requires more time.

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